Several high profile scandals of researcher who fabricated data and published their results in prestigious journals have been covered by the media.
For instance, Jan Hendrik Schön used graphs of his measurements to support his conclusion. However, these graphs didn’t actually originate from the data but were carefully constructed (Brumfiel, 2002).
Another example is the famous researcher Hwang Woo-Suk who supposedly was able to clone a human embryo cell. However, he did no such thing and data and images were fabricated (Cyranoski, 2006).
Another case of significant proportions is Diederik Stapel, a social psychologist who used manipulated and fabricated data for at least 30 publications, as is concluded by the Levelt report (Levelt, Drenth, & Noort, 2012).